Oakham County Gaol and House of Correction

Overview

Details

Records

Overview

Alternative Names   Oakham County Gaol, Bridewell and Town Gaol, Oakham Gaol, Oakham County Gaol

Prison Type   Local Prison -  Common Gaol & House of Correction/Bridewell

Jurisdiction   County

Date opened   1810

Date closed   1878

Location   Station Road   Oakham

Map location   exact or closely approximate

County   Rutlandshire

Prison Info

Alternative Names   Oakham County Gaol, Bridewell and Town Gaol, Oakham Gaol, Oakham County Gaol

Prison Type   Local Prison

Jurisdiction   County

Date opened   1810

Date closed   1878

Location   Station Road   Oakham

Map location   exact or closely approximate
Lat.   52.6723739  Long.   -0.7291585

County   Rutlandshire

Prisoner Statistics

 

Year 1818

Annual Committed   -   145

Daily Greatest number   -   27

 

Year 1823

Annual Committed   -   42

Daily Census   -   30

 

Year 1828

Annual Committed   -   48

Daily Census   -   12

 

Year 1833

Annual Committed   -   46

Daily Census   -   57

 

Year 1838

Annual Confined   -   60

Daily Census   -   9

 

Year 1843

Annual Confined   -   125

Daily Census   -   12

 

Year 1848

Annual Confined   -   140

Daily Daily average   -   21

 

Year 1853

Annual Confined   -   64

Daily Daily average   -   9

 

Year 1858

Annual Committed   -   75

Daily Daily average   -   9

 

Year 1863

Annual Committed   -   61

Daily Greatest number   -   17

 

Year 1868

Annual Committed   -   87

Daily Daily average   -   10

 

Year 1873

Annual Committed   -   95

Daily Daily average   -   6

 

Year 1878

Annual Committed   -   39

Daily Daily average   -   0

Principal Primary Sources

  • James Neild, The State of the Prisons of England, Scotland and Wales (London, 1812), p.461
  • Account of Gaols, Houses of Correction or Penitentiaries in the United Kingdom, 1818 (Parl. Papers, 1819, XVII.371), p.40
  • Fourth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1822), Appendix, p.55; Sixth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1824), Appendix, p.116; Seventh Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1827), Appendix, p.124; Eighth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1832), Appendix, p.37
  • Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1824, XIX.359), p.192; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1826, XXIV.1), p.214; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1826-27, XIX.365), p.194; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1828, XX.327), p.227; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1829, XIX.1), p.203; Reports and Schedules Pursuant To Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1830, XXIV.1), p.202; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1830-31, XII.1), p.196; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1831-32. XXXIII.197), p.196; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1833, XXVIII.1), p.210; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1834, XLVI.1), p.196; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1835, XLIV.225), p.190; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1836, XLII.1), p.126; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1837, XLV.1), p.126; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1837-8, XLIII.227), p.131; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXXVIII.17), p.127; Reports Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.1), p.135; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1841, XVIII.1), p.140; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXXII.1), p.142; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1843, XLIII.1), p.142; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXXIX.403), p.144; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXXVII.417), p.172; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1846, XXXIV.187), p.167; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1847, XLVII.297), p.181; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1847-48, LII.465), p.182
  • Abstract Return of Establishment and Expenditure of Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.241), p.50
  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern, Third Report (Parl. Papers, 1837-38, XXXI.1), p.14; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXV.565), p.1; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXI.1), p.96; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXIX.227), p.93; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Eleventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1846, XXI.483), p.58; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland and Eastern District, Fourteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1849, XXVI.1), p.51; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Fifteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1850, XXVIII.291), p.172; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Sixteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1851, XXVII.461), p.128; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Seventeenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1852-53, LII.1), p.85; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Twentieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1857, Session 1, VII.313), p.48; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Twenty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1857, Session 2, XXIII.1), p.43; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Twenty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1857-58, XXIX.1), p.49; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-third Report (Parl. Papers, 1859, Session 1, XI.1), p.111; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1860, XXXV.1), p.104; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1860, XXXV.229), p.102; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1862, XXV.93), p.98; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Northern District, Twenty-eighth Report (Parl. Papers, 1863, XXIII.109), p.84; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirtieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1865, XXIII.257), p.88; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1866, XXXVII.233), p.97; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1867-68, XXXIV.1), p.90; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1871, XXIX.1), p.91; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1871, XXIX.529), p.134; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1872, XXXI.169), p.68; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1873, XXXII.337), p.131; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-eighth Report (Parl. Papers, 1874, XXIX.389), p.163; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1875, XXXVII.417), p.168; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Fortieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1876, XXXV.417), p.168; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Forty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1877, XLIII.421), p.168; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Forty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1878, XLI.417), p.164

Additional Primary Sources

  • William White, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Leicestershire and the small county of Rutland, together with the adjacent towns of Grantham and Stamford (Sheffield, 1846), pp. 650-1

Secondary Sources

  • http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/rutland/vol2/pp5-27

Management

Archive name: Parliamentary Archives

Catalogue ref: HL/PO/PB/1/1811/51G3n119

Collection: Records of the Parliament Office, House of Lords

Description: Act for vesting in the Justices of the Peace for the County of Rutland, the new Gaol and Bridewell for that County, and the ground purchased for the sites thereof, and for confirming certain rates and proceedings relative thereto

Dates: 1811


Archive name: Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland

Catalogue ref: RQS/3/1-5

Collection: Rutland Quarter Sessions

Description: Minute books (second series). The collection is expected to contain material on prison administration.

Dates: 1862-1971


Archive name: Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester and RutlandĀ 

Catalogue ref: RQS/2/1-18

Collection: Rutland Quarter Sessions

Description: Minute Books and indexes to minute books (first series). The collection is expected to contain material on prison administration.

Dates: 1743-1914


Staff

Archive name: Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland

Catalogue ref: DE3214/10870

Collection: None

Description: Letter from Henry Halford, Oakham, seeking appointment as Gaoler for the County of Rutland

Dates: 1812


Prisoners

Archive name: Record Office for Leicestershire, Leicester and Rutland

Catalogue ref: DE2852/9-17

Collection: Sheriff of Rutland

Description: Warrants for arrests issued by Sheriff of Rutland to County Gaol Keeper and Bailiffs

Dates: 1806-1814


Archive name: Labour History Archive and Study Centre

Catalogue ref: LP/VIN/1/1/28

Collection: Labour Party Archive

Description: Letters from Henry Vincent (Chartist) in Rutland County Gaol giving his reflections on a year in prison

Dates: 1840