Lincoln City Gaol and House of Correction

Overview

Details

Records

Overview

Alternative Names   Lincoln City Gaol, Lincoln City Prison

Prison Type   Local Prison -  Common Gaol & House of Correction/Bridewell

Jurisdiction   Municipality

Date opened   [1809]

Date closed   1878

Location   gaol immediately behind Sessions House, junction of Lindum Hill and Monks Road   Lincoln

Map location   exact or closely approximate

County   Lincolnshire

Critical Remarks

Sources suggest that the old Lincoln Borough Gaol operational before 1809 was located on the same site.

Prison Info

Alternative Names   Lincoln City Gaol, Lincoln City Prison

Prison Type   Local Prison

Jurisdiction   Municipality

Date opened   [1809]

Date closed   1878

Location   gaol immediately behind Sessions House, junction of Lindum Hill and Monks Road   Lincoln

Map location   exact or closely approximate
Lat.   53.23091  Long.   -0.5373874

County   Lincolnshire

Critical Remarks

Sources suggest that the old Lincoln Borough Gaol operational before 1809 was located on the same site.

Prisoner Statistics

 

Year 1818

Annual Committed   -   55

Daily Greatest number   -   12

 

Year 1823

Annual Committed   -   95

Daily Census   -   11

 

Year 1828

Annual Committed   -   91

Daily Census   -   12

 

Year 1832

Annual Committed   -   233

Daily Greatest number   -   23

 

Year 1838

Annual Confined   -   159

Daily Census   -   16

 

Year 1843

Annual Confined   -   159

Daily Census   -   10

 

Year 1848

Annual Confined   -   153

Daily Daily average   -   16

 

Year 1853

Annual Confined   -   190

Daily Daily average   -   20

 

Year 1858

Annual Committed   -   187

Daily Daily average   -   17

 

Year 1863

Annual Committed   -   231

Daily Greatest number   -   47

 

Year 1868

Annual Committed   -   181

Daily Daily average   -   16

 

Year 1873

Annual Committed   -   308

Daily Daily average   -   22

 

Year 1878

Annual Committed   -   27

Daily Daily average   -   0

Principal Primary Sources

  • James Neild, The State of the Prisons of England, Scotland and Wales (London, 1812), p.351
  • Account of Gaols, Houses of Correction or Penitentiaries in the United Kingdom, 1818 (Parl. Papers, 1819, XVII.371), p.30
  • Fourth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1822), Appendix, p.35; Sixth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1824), Appendix, p.69; Eighth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1832), Appendix, p.24
  • Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1824, XIX.359), p.278
  • Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (1829, XIX.401), p.77
  • Return of Places of Confinement Outside Gaol Acts in England and Wales (Parl. Papers, 1833, XXVIII.425), p.64
  • Royal Commission of Inquiry into Municipal Corporations of England and Wales, First Report, Appendices: Part 4 (Parl. Papers, 1835, XXV.1), p.2356
  • Abstract Return of Establishment and Expenditure of Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.241), p.30
  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Second Report (Parl. Papers, 1837, XXXII.1), p.46; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern, Third Report (Parl. Papers, 1837-38, XXXI.1), p.76; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXV.565), p.45; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXI.1), p.99; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXIX.227), p.62; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Tenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXIV.1), p.175; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland and Eastern District, Fourteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1849, XXVI.1), p.25; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Fifteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1850, XXVIII.291), p.111; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Sixteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1851, XXVII.461), p.121; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Eighteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1856, XXXIII.1), p.33; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Nineteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1856, XXXIII.385), p.40; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Twenty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1857, Session 2, XXIII.1), p.32; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern and Eastern District, Twenty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1857-58, XXIX.1), p.37; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-third Report (Parl. Papers, 1859, Session 1, XI.1), p.59; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1860, XXXV.1), p.55; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1860, XXXV.229), p.57; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1861, XXIX.45), p.58; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Twenty-ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1864, XXVI.89), p.33; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirtieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1865, XXIII.257), p.59; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1866, XXXVII.233), p.61; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1867-68, XXXIV.1), p.50; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1871, XXIX.1), p.56; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1871, XXIX.529), p.80; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1872, XXXI.169), p.43; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1873, XXXII.337), p.77; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-eighth Report (Parl. Papers, 1874, XXIX.389), p.99; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1875, XXXVII.417), p.102; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Fortieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1876, XXXV.417), p.102; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Forty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1877, XLIII.421), p.102; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Forty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1878, XLI.417), p.98

Additional Primary Sources

  • William White, History, Gazetteer and Directory of Lincolnshire (Sheffield, 1856), pp. 111

Secondary Sources

  • http://www.lincolnshirelife.co.uk/posts/view/lincoln-courthouse-and-gaol

Management

Archive name: Lincolnshire Archives

Catalogue ref: BROG/1/5/3/2/15

Collection: Lincoln City Quarter Sessions

Description: Records relating to the administrative role of the Quarter Sessions. Include copy Coroners' accounts, with record of death on Lincoln City Prison.

Dates: 1864


Archive name: Lincolnshire Archives

Catalogue ref: HANCOCK/3

Collection: Records relating to Lincoln City Quarter Sessions and Lincoln City Gaol

Description: Return for the Lincoln City Gaol, with aggregate information about prisoners 

Dates: 1878


Finance

Archive name: Lincolnshire Archives

Catalogue ref: HANCOCK/2

Collection: Records relating to Lincoln City Quarter Sessions and Lincoln City Gaol

Description: Lincoln City Gaol account book

Dates: 1872-1905


Archive name: Lincolnshire Archives

Catalogue ref: L1/4/4

Collection: None

Description: Accounts relating to the Gaol

Dates: 1805-1822


Daily Business

Archive name: Lincolnshire Archives

Catalogue ref: MISC DON 845

Collection: None

Description: Letter book of Thomas Hancock, Governor of Lincoln City Gaol

Dates: 1878-1880


Staff

Archive name: Lincolnshire Archives

Catalogue ref: DIOC/BP/MOSS/15/m

Collection: William Moss, Deputy Registrar of Diocese

Description: Printed list of names and addresses of City Gaol Officers

Dates: 1862-1863


Prisoners

Archive name: Lincolnshire Archives

Catalogue ref: BROG/1/4/2/1-2

Collection: Lincoln City Quarter Sessions

Description: Returns of convictions and commitments

Dates: 1838-1893


Land & Buildings

Archive name: Lincolnshire Archives

Catalogue ref: LINCOLN CITY/ENG/4/5/2/1

Collection: None

Description: Conversion of the old City Gaol into the Central Police and Fire Station 

Dates: 1890