Hexham Gaol and House of Correction

Overview

Details

Records

Overview

Alternative Names   Hexham House of Correction, Hexham Gaol

Prison Type   Local Prison -  House of Correction/Bridewell

Jurisdiction   County

Date opened   1330

Date closed   1871

Location   Hall Gate   Hexham

Map location   exact or closely approximate

County   Northumberland

Prison Info

Alternative Names   Hexham House of Correction, Hexham Gaol

Prison Type   Local Prison

Jurisdiction   County

Date opened   1330

Date closed   1871

Location   Hall Gate   Hexham

Map location   exact or closely approximate
Lat.   54.9712416  Long.   -2.1005834

County   Northumberland

Prisoner Statistics

 

Year 1818

Annual Committed   -   59

Daily Greatest number   -   17

 

Year 1823

Annual Committed   -   40

Daily Census   -   1

 

Year 1828

Annual Committed   -   62

Daily Census   -   7

 

Year 1833

Annual Committed   -   63

Daily Census   -   5

 

Year 1838

Annual Confined   -   52

Daily Census   -   3

 

Year 1843

Annual Confined   -   33

Daily Census   -   0

 

Year 1848

Annual Confined   -   71

Daily Daily average   -   1

 

Year 1853

Annual Confined   -   141

Daily Daily average   -   3

 

Year 1858

Annual Committed   -   91

Daily Daily average   -   3

 

Year 1863

Annual Committed   -   167

Daily Greatest number   -   16

 

Year 1868

Annual Committed   -   115

Daily Daily average   -   4

Principal Primary Sources

  • Account of Gaols, Houses of Correction or Penitentiaries in the United Kingdom, 1818 (Parl. Papers, 1819, XVII.371), p.36
  • The Third Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1821), Appendix, p.62; Sixth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1824), Appendix, p.108; Eighth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1832), Appendix, p.34
  • Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1824, XIX.359), p.182; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1825, XXIII.1), p.202; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1826, XXIV.1), p.196; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1826-27, XIX.365), p.177; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1828, XX.327), p.208; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1829, XIX.1), p.185; Reports and Schedules Pursuant To Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1830, XXIV.1), p.186; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1830-31, XII.1), p.179; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1831-32. XXXIII.197), p.179; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1833, XXVIII.1), p.193; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1834, XLVI.1), p.179; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1835, XLIV.225), p.176; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1836, XLII.1), p.116; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1837, XLV.1), p.116; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1837-8, XLIII.227), p.121; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXXVIII.17), p.117; Reports Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.1), p.125; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1841, XVIII.1), p.129; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXXII.1), p.131; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1843, XLIII.1), p.132; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXXIX.403), p.134; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXXVII.417), p.162; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1846, XXXIV.187), p.158; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1847, XLVII.297), p.170; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1847-48, LII.465), p.172
  • Abstract Return of Establishment and Expenditure of Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.241), p.46
  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Northumberland and Durham, Third Report (Parl. Papers, 1837-38, XXXI.299), p.128; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Northumberland and Durham, Seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXI.369), p.29; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Northumberland and Durham, Twelfth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847, XXIX.381), p.136; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Northern District, Thirteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847-8, XXXVI.361), p.46; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Northern District, Fourteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1849, XXVI.167), p.17; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Fifteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1850, XXVIII.793), p.74; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Sixteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1851, XXVII.837), p.78; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Nineteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1854, XXXII.1), p.83; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Twentieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1854-55, XXVI.123), p.61; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Twenty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1857 Session 1, VII.505), p.62; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Northern District, Twenty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1859, Session 1, XI.213), p.50; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1867-68, XXXIV.1), p.73; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1871, XXIX.1), p.76; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1871, XXIX.529), p.110; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Northern District, Thirty-sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1872, XXXI.169), p.57

Additional Primary Sources

  • William Parson & William White, History, Directory and Gazetteer of the Counties of Durham and Northumberland, Volume 1 (Leeds, 1827), p. 431

Secondary Sources

  • http://www.hexhamoldgaol.org.uk/

Management

Archive name: Northumberland Archives

Catalogue ref: NRO 00365

Collection: None

Description: Hexham House of Correction, warrant, list of prisoners, receipt for supplies

Dates: 1861-1867


Archive name: Northumberland Archives

Catalogue ref: Q/A/G

Collection: Northumberland Quarter Sessions

Description: One box of papers survived and should include papers relating to Hexham House of Correction

Dates: 1841


Archive name: Northumberland Archives

Catalogue ref: Q/S/O

Collection: Northumberland Quarter Sessions

Description: Order books. Highly likely to contain material on the administration of the county prisons

Dates: 1680-1971


Land & Buildings

Archive name: Northumberland Archives

Catalogue ref: CS MISC 34

Collection: None

Description: Papers concerning construction of Hexham House of Correction

Dates: 1841


Images

Archive name: Northumberland Archives

Catalogue ref: SANT/BEQ/19/3/1/83

Collection: None

Description: Watercolour of Hexham from the river, with houses and the Abbey, Moothall and Prison on the skyline

Dates: 1828