Hereford County Gaol and House of Correction

Overview

Details

Records

Overview

Alternative Names   Herefordshire Gaols, Hereford County Gaol, Hereford Prison, HMP Hereford

Prison Type   Local Prison -  Common Gaol & House of Correction/Bridewell

Jurisdiction   County

Date opened   1796

Date closed   post 1900 (1929)

Location   Bye Street Without (know Commercial Road), on land known as 'The Priory'   Hereford

Map location   exact or closely approximate

County   Herefordshire

Critical Remarks

Incoporates Hereford City Gaol (ID 174) after 1877.

Related Prisons

Prison Info

Alternative Names   Herefordshire Gaols, Hereford County Gaol, Hereford Prison, HMP Hereford

Prison Type   Local Prison

Jurisdiction   County

Date opened   1796

Date closed   post 1900 (1929)

Location   Bye Street Without (know Commercial Road), on land known as 'The Priory'   Hereford

Map location   exact or closely approximate
Lat.   52.0580929  Long.   -2.7120193

County   Herefordshire

Critical Remarks

Incoporates Hereford City Gaol (ID 174) after 1877.

Related Prisons

Prisoner Statistics

 

Year 1818

Annual Committed   -   198

Daily Greatest number   -   143

 

Year 1823

Annual Committed   -   282

Daily Census   -   53

 

Year 1828

Annual Committed   -   333

Daily Census   -   75

 

Year 1833

Annual Committed   -   388

Daily Census   -   65

 

Year 1838

Annual Confined   -   418

Daily Census   -   71

 

Year 1843

Annual Confined   -   519

Daily Census   -   103

 

Year 1848

Annual Confined   -   517

Daily Daily average   -   110

 

Year 1853

Annual Confined   -   435

Daily Daily average   -   69

 

Year 1858

Annual Committed   -   376

Daily Daily average   -   59

 

Year 1863

Annual Committed   -   401

Daily Greatest number   -   73

 

Year 1868

Annual Committed   -   390

Daily Daily average   -   63

 

Year 1873

Annual Committed   -   372

Daily Daily average   -   46

 

Year 1878

Annual Committed   -   878

Daily Daily average   -   99

 

Year 1883

Annual Committed   -   575

Daily Daily average   -   61

 

Year 1888

Annual Committed   -   540

Daily Daily average   -   53

 

Year 1893

Annual Committed   -   531

Daily   -  

 

Year 1898

Annual Committed   -   454

Daily   -  

Principal Primary Sources

  • James Neild, The State of the Prisons of England, Scotland and Wales (London, 1812), p.266
  • Account of Gaols, Houses of Correction or Penitentiaries in the United Kingdom, 1818 (Parl. Papers, 1819, XVII.371), p.20
  • The Third Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1821), Appendix, p.27; Fourth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1822), Appendix, p.24; Fifth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1823), Appendix, p.39; Fifth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1823), Appendix, p.127; Sixth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1824), Appendix, p.45; Seventh Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1827), Appendix, p.53; Eighth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1832), Appendix, p.17
  • Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1824, XIX.359), p.124; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1825, XXIII.1), p.114; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1826, XXIV.1), p.116; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1826-27, XIX.365), p.108; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1828, XX.327), p.119; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1829, XIX.1), p.111; Reports and Schedules Pursuant To Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1830, XXIV.1), p.109; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1830-31, XII.1), p.105; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1831-32. XXXIII.197), p.107; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1833, XXVIII.1), p.112; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1834, XLVI.1), p.104; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1835, XLIV.225), p.107; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1836, XLII.1), p.69; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1837, XLV.1), p.72; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1837-8, XLIII.227), p.70; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXXVIII.17), p.62; Reports Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.1), p.69; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1841, XVIII.1), p.72; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXXII.1), p.70; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1843, XLIII.1), p.78; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXXIX.403), p.74; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXXVII.417), p.88; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1846, XXXIV.187), p.80; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1847, XLVII.297), p.89; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1847-48, LII.465), p.87
  • Abstract Return of Establishment and Expenditure of Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.241), p.18
  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District. First Report (Parl. Papers, 1836, XXXV.269), p.26; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXII.217), p.164; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1841 Session 2, V.177), p.72; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXIX.391), p.248; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Eleventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1846, XXI.565), p.225; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Twelfth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847-8, XXXV.1), p.230; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Thirteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847-8, XXXVI.133), p.142; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Fourteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1849, XXVI.93), p.15; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Seventeenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1852, XXIV.1), p.1; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Nineteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1854, XXXIV.1), p.39; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Twenty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1856, XXXIII.485), p.24; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-third Report (Parl. Papers, 1859, Session 1, XI.1), p.38; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1860, XXXV.1), p.33; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1860, XXXV.229), p.33; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1861, XXIX.45), p.33; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain II. Midland District, Twenty-seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1862, XXV.93), p.37; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Twenty-eighth Report (Parl. Papers, 1863, XXIII.1), p.38; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirtieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1865, XXIII.1), p.105; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1866, XXXVII.1), p.92; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1867-68, XXXIV.203), p.125; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-third Report (Parl. Papers, 1868-69, XXIX.1), p.84; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1870, XXXVII.1), p.97; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1871, XXIX.241), p.118; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1872, XXXI.1), p.74; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1873, XXXII.1), p.138; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-eighth Report (Parl. Papers, 1874, XXIX.1), p.157; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1875, XXXVII.1), p.174; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Fortieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1876, XXXV.1), p.174; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Forty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1877, XLIII.1), p.177; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Forty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1878, XLI.1), p.177
  • Commissioners of Prisons, Second Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1878-79, XXXIV.1, 97), p.27; Commissioners of Prisons, Third Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1880, XXXV.1,73), p.34; Commissioners of Prisons, Fourth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1881, LI.441, 521), p.37; Commissioners of Prisons, Fifth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1882, XXXIII.443, 541), p.41; Commissioners of Prisons, Sixth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1883, XXXI.445, 579), p.45; Commissioners of Prisons, Seventh Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1884, XLII.461, 551), p.42; Commissioners of Prisons, Eighth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1884-85, XXXVII.527, 651), p.41; Commissioners of Prisons, Ninth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1886, XXXV.1, 93), p.38; Commissioners of Prisons, Tenth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1887, XLI.203, 335), p.34; Commissioners of Prisons, Eleventh Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1888, LVIII.1, 209), p.34; Commissioners of Prisons, Twelfth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1889, XLI.1, 181), p.34; Commissioners of Prisons, Thirteenth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1890, XXXVII.1, 183), p.34; Commissioners of Prisons, Fourteenth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1890-91, XLIII.1, 125), p.33; Commissioners of Prisons, Fifteenth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1892, XLII.1, 147), p.32; Commissioners of Prisons, Sixteenth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1893-94, XLVII.1, 121), p.33; Commissioners of Prisons, Seventeenth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1894, XLIV.1, 183), p.33; Commissioners of Prisons, Eighteenth Annual Report (Parl. Papers, 1895, LVI.727, 865), p.33
  • Report of Coms. of Prisons and Directors of Convict Prisons, 1895-96 (Parl. Papers, 1896, XLIV.235), p.85; Report of Coms. of Prisons and Directors of Convict Prisons, 1896-97 (Parl. Papers, 1897, XL.105), p.225; Report of Coms. of Prisons and Directors of Convict Prisons, 1897-98 (Parl. Papers, 1898, XLVII.23), p.249; Report of Coms. of Prisons and Directors of Convict Prisons, 1898-99 (Parl. Papers, 1899, XLIII.65), p.246; Report of Coms. of Prisons and Directors of Convict Prisons, 1899-1900 (Parl. Papers, 1900, XLI.1), p.283

Additional Primary Sources

  • Edward Cassey, History, Topography and Directory of Herefordshire (Preston, 1858), p. 113

Secondary Sources

  • http://htt.herefordshire.gov.uk/665; R. Shoesmith and R. Crosskey, 'Go to Gaol ... In Hereford', Woolhope Club Transactions (1994), pp. 97-139

Management

Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: A86/2/T16

Collection: Herefordshire County Council

Description: Hereford County Gaol: report on conditions

Dates: 1836


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: A95/V/W/c/3-4

Collection: Pateshall family of Allensmore

Description: Gaol assignments

Dates: 1826


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: AB86/2/T

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol: miscellaneous references re prisoners and conditions

Dates: 1830-1840


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: AC17/16

Collection: St James Hereford, parish recordsĀ 

Description: Hereford County Gaol: account for church hassocks made in

Dates: 1869


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: AK68/1

Collection: None

Description: Report on the amalgamation of Hereford City and County police and gaols

Dates: 1871


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: BD11/35-38

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol: letters regarding conditions in

Dates: 1835


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: BL66/60

Collection: None

Description: Prison Act 1898

Dates: 1898


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: K38/Cd/6 Box 2

Collection: None

Description: Notes on gaols and prisons from City Council minute books

Dates: undated


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: BG11/5/14

Collection: Hereford City

Description: Hereford County Gaol: minutes of visiting justices

Dates: 1844-1868


Finance

Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: A95/V/W/d/1-24

Collection: Pateshall family of Allensmore

Description: Treasurer's quarterly accounts. Income from Officers of districts of Hundreds. Also, payments for repairs to roads, supplies to the Gaol etc.

Dates: 1819-1826


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: Q/AG/1

Collection: Herefordshire Quarter Sessions

Description: Gaol, correspondence with Public Loans Office about Gaol improvements

Dates: 1842


Staff

Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: BL66/50-60

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol (Prison): records, including list of wardens

Dates: 1891


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: F68/2

Collection: None

Description: Account book of W. Constable of Sutton, with list of executions in Hereford (1770-1888) and notes on prison service

Dates: 1826-1900


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: A95/V/EB/890-911

Collection: Pateshall family of Allensmore

Description: Letter from Mr James Burnett asking Pateshall to vote for him as Chaplain of the Jail, with Pateshall's reply.

Dates: 1839


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: CD70/6/4

Collection: None

Description: Article on Josiah Bartlett, prison chaplain

Dates: undated


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: A95/EB/40/7

Collection: Pateshall family of Allensmore

Description: Letters from William Hayton. A request to E. B. P. to interest himself in John Buncle, who is about to be recommended for the situation of Governor of Hereford Gaol (c.1840, 1810-1843).

Dates: 1837-1840


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: AD79/4

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol: photograph of governor and staff

Dates: late 19th century


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: Q/SO/9

Collection: Herefordshire Quarter Sessions

Description: References to gaoler's salary and general notes

Dates: 1839-1847


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: AB86/3/1

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol: appointment of porter

Dates: 1813


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: BM1/7

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol: application to appoint someone to convey convicts to hulks for transportation

Dates: 1833


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: Q/AG/2-3

Collection: Herefordshire Quarter Sessions

Description: Gaol, orders re financial state of Mr Gittins, who was in charge of Gaol manufactory

Dates: 1802


Prisoners

Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: BP28/2-7

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol: nominal registers of prisoners

Dates: 1831-1915


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: G56/26-28

Collection: None

Description: Prisoners' property registers

Dates: 1895-1913


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: BP28/8

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol: record of convictions of prisoners in

Dates: 1884-1933


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: CB48/1/16

Collection: None

Description: Record of convicts (restricted access)

Dates: 1883-1960


Land & Buildings

Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: A95/V/EB/49/5

Collection: Pateshall family of Allensmore

Description: Miscellaneous, printed matter, and some correspondence. Inventory of furniture etc sent to the Gaol by Mrs Pateshall.

Dates: 1819


Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: BP100

Collection: None

Description: Drawings and plans of Hereford gaols

Dates: undated


Images

Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: CB93

Collection: None

Description: Hereford County Gaol: copies of photographs

Dates: undated


Other

Archive name: Herefordshire Archive and Records Centre

Catalogue ref: L2/A/7

Collection: Ballard collection

Description: Papers and letters concerning the Tupsley Murder of Philip Ballard. Includes letters from Miss Ada Ballard to the murderers (copy), and replies from the Prison Chaplain

Dates: 1887-1888