Guildford House of Correction

Overview

Details

Records

Overview

Prison Type   Local Prison -  House of Correction/Bridewell

Jurisdiction   County

Date opened   1822

Date closed   1852

Location   Castle Hill, between Quarry Street and South Hill   Guildford

Map location   exact or closely approximate

County   Surrey

Prison Info

Prison Type   Local Prison

Jurisdiction   County

Date opened   1822

Date closed   1852

Location   Castle Hill, between Quarry Street and South Hill   Guildford

Map location   exact or closely approximate
Lat.   51.23349  Long.   -0.571725

County   Surrey

Prisoner Statistics

 

Year 1824

Annual Committed   -   192

Daily Census   -   54

 

Year 1828

Annual Committed   -   256

Daily Census   -   72

 

Year 1833

Annual Committed   -   508

Daily Census   -   123

 

Year 1838

Annual Confined   -   622

Daily Census   -   106

 

Year 1843

Annual Confined   -   697

Daily Census   -   104

 

Year 1848

Annual Confined   -   859

Daily Daily average   -   165

Principal Primary Sources

  • The Third Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1821), Appendix, p.75; Sixth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1824), Appendix, p.137; Seventh Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1827), Appendix, p.139; Eighth Report of the Committee of the Society for the Improvement of Prison Discipline and for the Reformation of Juvenile Offenders (London, 1832), Appendix, p.42
  • Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1825, XXIII.1), p.262; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1826, XXIV.1), p.254; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1826-27, XIX.365), p.232; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1828, XX.327), p.268; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1829, XIX.1), p.234; Reports and Schedules Pursuant To Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1830, XXIV.1), p.233; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1830-31, XII.1), p.230; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1831-32. XXXIII.197), p.231; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1833, XXVIII.1), p.245; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1834, XLVI.1), p.231; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1835, XLIV.225), p.221; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1836, XLII.1), p.148; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1837, XLV.1), p.148; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1837-8, XLIII.227), p.155; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXXVIII.17), p.150; Reports Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.1), p.157; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1841, XVIII.1), p.164; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXXII.1), p.166; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1843, XLIII.1), p.163; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXXIX.403), p.168; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXXVII.417), p.202; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1846, XXXIV.187), p.206; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1847, XLVII.297), p.211; Reports and Schedules Pursuant to Gaol Acts (Parl. Papers, 1847-48, LII.465), p.218
  • Abstract Return of Establishment and Expenditure of Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.241), p.58
  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Second Report (Parl. Papers, 1837 XXXII.1), p.418; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Third Report, Supplement (Parl. Papers, 1837-38, XXX.367), p.80; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXI.1), p.372; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXV.1), p.340; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1841 Session 2, IV.1), p.344; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Tenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXIII.1), p.573; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Fourteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1850, XXVIII.1), p.47; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Fifteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1851, XXVII.1), p.154

Secondary Sources

  • http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1107978; http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/rd/b88102c9-bfd2-4629-b772-c88bc6ec3397

Management

Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: BR/QS/2

Collection: Borough of Guildford

Description: Records include extracts from minutes concerning the keeping of prisoners at the House of Correction

Dates: 1721-1833


Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: QS2/6

Collection: Surrey Quarter Sessions

Description: Quarter Sessions Bundles. Continue up to 1888 and those for the period 1800-1829 are described in great detail in the online catalogue. Material relating to the administration of the county's prisons, including: reports of visiting magistrates; reports of chaplains, surgeons, governors; returns of prisoners, rules and regulations; staff appointments, conditions and dismissals; maintenance and alteration of buildings; prison conditions; prisoner petitions

Dates: 1800-1888


Finance

Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: 1748/3

Collection: Messrs Smallpeice, Solicitors, Guildford

Description: Cash book relating to the construction of a new County House of Correction at Guildford by the Surrey Quarter Sessions

Dates: 1819-1836


Daily Business

Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: QS2/6/1825/MID/35a-d

Collection: Surrey Quarter Sessions

Description: Report list by the Surgeons of the sick prisoners in Houses of Correction at Guildford, Kingston, and Brixton, and County Gaol

Dates: 1825


Land & Buildings

Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: QS5/4/5/31

Collection: Surrey Quarter Sessions

Description: Correspondence and papers relating to the sale of Guildford, Kingston and Brixton Houses of Correction, 1852, including sale particulars for the Guildford and Brixton sites and schedules of deeds of the Guildford and Kingston sites

Dates: 1852


Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: QS5/4/6/110-152

Collection: Surrey Quarter Sessions

Description: Plans of County Gaols and Sessions House, Guildford House of Correction

Dates: 1819-1824


Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: QS5/7/7

Collection: Surrey Quarter Sessions

Description: Bundle of insurance policies for County premises, including Guildford House of Correction

Dates: 1822


Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: QS5/4/5/32

Collection: Surrey Quarter Sessions

Description: Copy conveyance of 2a 1r 15p of land with house of correction and buildings at Guildford by the trustees and Clerk of the Peace to Charles Frederick Smyrk

Dates: 1852


Images

Archive name: Surrey History Centre

Catalogue ref: 4348/3/69/4

Collection: None

Description: Watercolour of House of Correction and Gaol at Guildford

Dates: 1822