Bridewell Hospital

Overview

Details

Records

Overview

Prison Type   Local Prison -  House of Correction/Bridewell

Jurisdiction   Municipality

Date opened   1553

Date closed   1855

Location   Bridge Street, Blackfriars   London, Blackfriars

Map location   exact or closely approximate

County   Middlesex

Critical Remarks

At the opening of the nineteenth century, a dual purpose as a house of correction and a house of occupation (for poor apprentices) but by 1830 a house of correction only. From 1853 no longer accepted female prisoners.

Prison Info

Prison Type   Local Prison

Jurisdiction   Municipality

Date opened   1553

Date closed   1855

Location   Bridge Street, Blackfriars   London, Blackfriars

Map location   exact or closely approximate
Lat.   51.511794  Long.   -0.105758

County   Middlesex

Critical Remarks

At the opening of the nineteenth century, a dual purpose as a house of correction and a house of occupation (for poor apprentices) but by 1830 a house of correction only. From 1853 no longer accepted female prisoners.

Prisoner Statistics

 

Year 1838

Annual Confined   -   1227

Daily Census   -   105

 

Year 1843

Annual Confined   -   1114

Daily Census   -   70

 

Year 1848

Annual Confined   -   1464

Daily Daily average   -   89

 

Year 1853

Annual Confined   -   979

Daily Daily average   -   69

Principal Primary Sources

  • James Neild, The State of the Prisons of England, Scotland and Wales (London, 1812), p.73
  • Abstract Return of Establishment and Expenditure of Gaols and Houses of Correction in England and Wales (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.241), p.32
  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Second Report (Parl. Papers, 1837 XXXII.1), p.168; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Third Report, Supplement (Parl. Papers, 1837-38, XXX.367), p.28; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXI.1), p.270; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXV.1), p.281; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1841 Session 2, IV.1), p.302; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1842, XX.1), p.208; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Tenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXIII.1), p.512; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Fourteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1850, XXVIII.1), p.9; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Home District, Fifteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1851, XXVII.1), p.124

Secondary Sources

  • https://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/things-to-do/london-metropolitan-archives/visitor-information/Documents/59-prison-records.pdf; Henry A Harben, 'Brick Court - Bridewell', in A Dictionary of London (London, 1918), British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/no-series/dictionary-of-london/brick-court-bridewell

Management

Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLA/032/01

Collection: Prisons and Compters

Description: These records include accounts and financial papers, statutes and bills relating to Gaols and Prisons, Acts of the Court of Common Council and the Court of Aldermen, various Committee minutes and papers, including reports of the Gaol Committee, contracts, petitions, regulations, papers relating to the health of the prisoners, reports of the Commissioners of Prisons, and papers relating to prison charities. Prisons mentioned include the Bridewell.

Dates: 1487-1878


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLA/066/01/009

Collection: Bridewell Hospital

Description: General reports of the Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem, and of the House of Occupations

Dates: 1856


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLA/068/01/002

Collection: Royal Hospitals

Description: Acts of Parliament, including those relating specifically to Bridewell Hospital

Dates: 1782-1836


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLA/068/01/006-009

Collection: Royal Hospitals

Description: Royal Hospitals Committee, Minute books

Dates: 1836-1848


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33131/002

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Prison Committee minute book

Dates: 1792-1802


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33132/001-012

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Prison Sub-Committee minutes

Dates: 1792-1854


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: COL/CA/GAC

Collection: Court of Alderman: Gaol Committee

Description: Responsible for the administration of London prisons. Minutes, papers and reports contain material relevant to the administration of the Bridewell Hospital

Dates: 1794-1878


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: COL/CCS/CO/07/001

Collection: Comptroller and City Solicitor

Description: Opinions of Counsel, including regarding the right of the Lord Mayor and Aldermen as Magistrates of the City of London to commit offenders to Bridewell

Dates: 1842


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: H01/ST/LIB/12/004

Collection: St Thomas' Hospital Group

Description: Report of the Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem, and of the House of Occupations

Dates: 1844


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: H09/GY/A/071/001

Collection: Guy's Hospital Group

Description: Report of the Commissioners for Inquiring concerning charities in England and Wales (1837). Contains detailed reports on Guy's, St Bartholomew's, Christ's, Bridewell and Bethlem, St. Thomas' and Foundling Hospitals. Reports include plans (1840). 

Dates: 1837-1840


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: H09/GY/A/104/006/001

Collection: Guy's Hospital Group

Description: Letter book of Treasurer. With leaflet entitled 'The Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem'. The duties of the Treasurer of both hospitals.

Dates: 1866-1868


Finance

Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33135

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Superintendent's petty cash book

Dates: 1833-1855


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33136

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Superintendent's quarterly cash book

Dates: 1847-1855


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: COL/CC/FNG

Collection: Court of Common Council: Gaol Expenses and Finance Committee

Description: Responsible for the financial administration of those prisons owned by the Corporation. Minutes and committee papers contain evidence relating to Bridewell Hospital

Dates: 1816-1834


Archive name: Sheffield City Archives

Catalogue ref: WWM/H/239

Collection: Wentworth Woodhouse muniments

Description: Bridewell Hospital. Abstract of the accounts of Bridewell from Christmas 1820 to Christmas 1821, London.

Dates: 1820-1821


Daily Business

Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33141A

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Chaplain's journal of prayers and readings with prisoners

Dates: 1850-1854


Staff

Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLA/068/02/003-006

Collection: Royal Hospitals

Description: MS and printed Lists of Governors

Dates: 1776-1900


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: MS 11936

Collection: Records of Sun Fire Office

Description: Insurance for the Governors of Bridewell Hospital and other workers on the site

Dates: 1802 onwards


Prisoners

Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33141/001-004

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Prisoners' character books giving name, age, date, crime and sentence with remarks on prisoner's background and demeanour, by both superintendent and chaplain (only apprentices after 1855) 

Dates: 1841-1916


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLA/041/PI/01/002,009

Collection: City of London Coroners Court

Description: Inquests into deaths of prisoners, including Bridewell

Dates: 1783-1838


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33137/002

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Prisoners' admission or discharge orders

Dates: 1773, 1846-1868


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33138/001-009

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Prisoners' committal books (from May 1854 only apprentices were committed to Bridewell)

Dates: 1809-1916


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: CLC/275/MS33140/001-014

Collection: Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem

Description: Weekly returns of prisoners in custody

Dates: 1817-1830


Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: COL/CHD/AP/04/05/001

Collection: Chamberlain's Department: Apprenticeship

Description: Names of City apprentices sent to Bridewell

Dates: 1837-1916


Images

Archive name: London Metropolitan Archives

Catalogue ref: H09/GYPH/17/010/001

Collection: Guy's Hospital Group

Description: Hand-coloured aquatint entitled 'Pass-Room Bridewell' by Hill, from drawing and engraving by Pugin and Rowlandson

Dates: 1808