Bath City Gaol

Overview

Details

Records

Overview

Prison Type   Local Prison -  Common Gaol

Jurisdiction   Municipality

Date opened   1842

Date closed   1878

Location   at Twerton, close to turnpike road to Bristol, now Lower Bristol Road   Bath

Map location   exact or closely approximate

County   Somersetshire

Prison Info

Prison Type   Local Prison

Jurisdiction   Municipality

Date opened   1842

Date closed   1878

Location   at Twerton, close to turnpike road to Bristol, now Lower Bristol Road   Bath

Map location   exact or closely approximate
Lat.   51.3809703  Long.   -2.395237

County   Somersetshire

Prisoner Statistics

 

Year 1843

Annual Confined   -   1378

Daily Census   -   123

 

Year 1848

Annual Confined   -   787

Daily Daily average   -   71

 

Year 1853

Annual Confined   -   626

Daily Daily average   -   77

 

Year 1858

Annual Committed   -   405

Daily Daily average   -   47

 

Year 1863

Annual Committed   -   475

Daily Greatest number   -   85

 

Year 1868

Annual Committed   -   471

Daily Daily average   -   56

 

Year 1873

Annual Committed   -   387

Daily Daily average   -   75

 

Year 1878

Annual Committed   -   237

Daily Daily average   -   0

Principal Primary Sources

  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXIX.391), p.408; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Tenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXIV.207), p.32; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Eleventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1846, XXI.565), p.385; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Twelfth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847-8, XXXV.1), p.384; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Thirteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847-8, XXXVI.133), p.200; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Fifteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1850, XXVIII.579), p.44; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Seventeenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1852, XXIV.1), p.86; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Nineteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1854, XXXIV.1), p.96; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain III. Southern and Western District, Twenty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1856, XXXIII.485), p.64; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Twenty-third Report (Parl. Papers, 1857-58, XXIX.69), p.102; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Twenty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1860, XXXV.153), p.60; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Twenty-seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1862, XXV.5), p.71; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Twenty-ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1864, XXVI.1), p.70; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirtieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1865, XXIII.1), p.200; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1866, XXXVII.1), p.179; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1867-68, XXXIV.203), p.244; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-third Report (Parl. Papers, 1868-69, XXIX.1), p.170; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-fourth Report (Parl. Papers, 1870, XXXVII.1), p.183; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-fifth Report (Parl. Papers, 1871, XXIX.241), p.231; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1872, XXXI.1), p.133; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-seventh Report (Parl. Papers, 1873, XXXII.1), p.269; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-eighth Report (Parl. Papers, 1874, XXIX.1), p.299; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Thirty-ninth Report (Parl. Papers, 1875, XXXVII.1), p.321; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Fortieth Report (Parl. Papers, 1876, XXXV.1), p.318; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Forty-first Report (Parl. Papers, 1877, XLIII.1), p.321; Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain I. Southern District, Forty-second Report (Parl. Papers, 1878, XLI.1), p.320

Secondary Sources

  • Chris Noble, 'The new gaol in Bathwick, 1772-1842' Bath History, 9 (2002), pp. 64-86 (https://www.bathspa.ac.uk/Media/CHC%20Images/Vol%2009%20-%2003.%20Noble%20-%20The%20New%20Gaol%20in%20Bathwick,%201772-1842.pdf)

Management

Archive name: Bath Record Office

Catalogue ref: BC/11

Collection: Bath City Council

Description: Gaol Committee minutes (1837-1878), including minutes of the Gaol Building Committee

Dates: 1839-1845


Archive name: Bath Record Office

Catalogue ref: BC/11

Collection: Bath City Council

Description: Gaol Committee draft minutes, tenders and correspondence

Dates: 1861-1877


Finance

Archive name: Bath Record Office

Catalogue ref: BC/11

Collection: Bath City Council

Description: Gaol cash book

Dates: 1840-1867


Prisoners

Archive name: The National Archives

Catalogue ref: HO23/2

Collection: Home Office

Description: Registers of Prisoners from national prisons lodged in County Prisons, Bath

Dates: 1848-1855


Archive name: Bath Record Office

Catalogue ref: QS/6

Collection: Bath Quarter Sessions

Description: Commitments in felony. These volumes contain warrants signed by the Justices ordering the detention in the House of Correction of those accused of felonies, while they awaited trial at Quarter Sessions or Assizes

Dates: 1799-1860


Archive name: Bath Record Office

Catalogue ref: QS/7

Collection: Bath Quarter Sessions

Description: Commitments to the House of Correction

Dates: 1836-1859