Fortitude

Overview

Details

Records

Overview

Prison Type   Convict Hulk

Date opened   1833

Date closed   1844

Ports   Chatham

Map location   in the vicinity

County   Kent

Attached Ship   Wye (1834-42)

Critical Remarks

Before 1833, Fortitude was known as the Cumberland (ID 2014)

Related Prisons

Prison Info

Prison Type   Convict Hulk

Date opened   1833

Date closed   1844

Ports   Chatham

Map location   in the vicinity
Lat.   51.392451  Long.   0.523815

County   Kent

Attached Ship   Wye (1834-42)

Critical Remarks

Before 1833, Fortitude was known as the Cumberland (ID 2014)

Related Prisons

Prisoner Statistics

 

Year 1833

Annual   -  

Daily Daily average   -   473

 

Year 1838

Annual   -  

Daily Daily average   -   469

 

Year 1843

Annual   -  

Daily Daily average   -   481

Principal Primary Sources

  • Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1834, XLVII.15), p.8; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1835, XLV.1), p.2; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1835, XLV.1), p.6; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1836, XLI.1), p.2; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1836, XLI.1), p.6; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1837, XLV.379), p.2; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1837, XLV.379), p.6; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1837-38, XLII.1), p.2; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1837-38, XLII.1), p.7; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXXVIII.727), p.2 & 7; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1839, XXXVIII.727), p.10; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.543), p.2; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1840, XXXVIII.543), p.6; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1841, XVIII.629), p.3; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1841, XVIII.629), p.7; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXXII.523), p.2; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1842, XXXII.523), p.12; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1843, XLII.337), p.2; Two reports of John Henry Capper, Esq. superintendent of ships and vessels employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1843, XLII.337), p.6; Report of John Henry Capper, Esq. Superintendent of ships and vessles employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1844, XXXIX.397), p.3; Report of John Henry Capper, Esq. Superintendent of ships and vessles employed for the confinement of offenders under sentence of transportation (Parl. Papers, 1845, XXXVII.315), p.[6]

Secondary Sources

  • Charles Campbell, The Intolerable Hulks: British Shipboard Confinement, 1776-1857 (Bowie, MD., 1993), pp. 235-251

Prisoners

Archive name: The National Archives

Catalogue ref: HO 8/38-79

Collection: Home Office

Description: Quarterly returns of prisoners in Hulks - Fortitude, Chatham 

Dates: 1833-1844


Archive name: The National Archives

Catalogue ref: HO 9/11

Collection: Home Office

Description: Letter book for the Fortitude Convict Hulk

Dates: 1837-1843


Archive name: The National Archives

Catalogue ref: HO 9/2

Collection: Home Office

Description: Convict Hulks moored at Chatham - Fortitude, Euryalus. Also, register of prisoners.

Dates: 1825-1836