19th Century Prison History : 19th Century Prison Search

Camborne Lock-Up

Overview

Location   Church Lane, ground floor of Parish Vestry Building,  Camborne

County   Cornwall

Year Opened   1820

Year Closed   1858

Century of Operation   1800-1899

Remarks   Grade II listed.

Parish Vestry and ClinkPhoto © Tim Green (cc-by-2.0)

Further information can be found at
https://www.prisonhistory.org/lockup/camborne-lock-up/

Description

  • 'Parish Vestry building. Dated 1820 on lintel of former door in rear wall, altered. Facade of snecked killas rubble with granite quoins but covered with render above ground floor, sides and rear of uncoursed rubble; slate roof. Rectangular plan, gable to road but facing churchyard, with added porch at north end. Two storeys; the facade to the churchyard is of 3 bays under 2 gables, symmetrical, in Tudor style, with 3 wide Tudor-arched openings at ground floor (a window and 2 doorways) and 3 windows at 1st floor, all with chamfered surrounds and hoodmoulds and all the windows of 2 lights with chamfered mullions and diamond leaded glazing (but that at ground floor boarded at time of survey, 1988); a rectangular granite panel in each gable, and gable copings with apex finials. The left (north) gable wall has a flight of external steps to a doorway at 1st floor, protected by a brick porch of c.1900; and to the left of this a large rendered panel with pilastered architrave and stilted segmental head enclosing raised lettering "PARISH VESTRY". The rear has inter alia a former doorway with lintel inscribed "1820". Interior not inspected. History: ground floor was used as lock-up 1820-1858. Probably erected in consequence of Sturges Bourne's Act of 1819, which empowered parishes to appoint select vestries "for more effectual execution of the laws for the relief of the poor" (the style being a reference to the Tudor origins of the Poor law); as such, a rare survival of a building for this purpose, and the earliest Local Government building in the area covered by this list.'
    Historic England, National Heritage List for England, 'Parish Vestry, Church Lane', Camborne, LEN1142654

Sources

  • Historic England, National Heritage List for England, 'Parish Vestry, Church Lane', Camborne, LEN1142654
    https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1142654
  • Roy's Blog, 'CORNWALL. Lock-ups at Callington, Cambourne and Launceston.' (01 May 2013)
    http://roys-roy.blogspot.com/2013/05/lock-ups-at-callington-cambourne-and.html