19th Century Prison History : 19th Century Prison Search

Huddersfield Lock-Up House

Overview

Location   In the former Bull and Mouth Street,  Huddersfield

County   Yorkshire

Year Opened   c.1831

Year Closed   C.1896

Century of Operation   1800-1899

Remarks   Bull and Mouth Street (Lane) was lost during redevelopment of the Piazza Shopping Centre. Its approximate location is on the open land at the north east corner of the library buildings in Princess Alexandra Walk. Huddersfield Exposed has maps of the area before and after redevelopment with the lock-up marked. [See View Sources for a link]. Huddersfield also other lock-ups and police stations. [See separate listings]. David Taylor's book on policing Huddersfield and its surrounding area, 'Beerhouses, Brothels and Bobbies' is available for free download from the University of Huddersfield Press https://unipress.hud.ac.uk/plugins/books/15/. Chapter 7 of this book discusses Thomas Heaton, a superintending constable for the Huddersfield area in 1850, who had a residence at the station.

Further information can be found at
https://www.prisonhistory.org/lockup/huddersfield-lock-up-house/

Descriptions

  • 'This lock up house has been built about 16 years. It is in a central situation, and the site seems to be unobjectionable. There are six cells ... The cells form a building of two stories, standing in a yard, with the keepers house on one side; the house being about 10 feet from the cells. The cells are dry, and are lighted by small glazed windows. There is, however, no provision for warming them. Each cell has a small hole for ventilation. The cells appear to be tolerably secure. They were clean, but not so the prisoners confined in them. Although it was Monday morning when I made my inspection, and the prisoners had been in since Saturday night, they had not washed themselves. Each cell has a guard bed, with a straw mattress and rugs.'
    Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Northern District, Thirteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847-8, XXXVI.361), p.100

  • 'From 1831 there was a township lockup in Bull and Mouth St, now lost to redevelopment, which must be the one referred to in the Inspectors' report. It appears as 'The Lock Up'... on the 1851 OS map. It replaced an earlier building in Castlegate. In 1847/8 a separate county lockup opened as part of a new county police building in Princess St... By some accounts there were two lock-ups in Bull and Mouth Street, one providded by the township for the parochial/manorial constables and one by the Commissioners for Lighting, Watching & Cleansing, who operated a night watch from 1820 to 1848. However, there is no map evidence of two buildings and, as the CLWC took over the town prison in 1836, their separate facility may, in fact, never have been established. Links to "Pioneers or Partisans?" and David Taylor's chapter in "Making up for Lost Time", both discussing policing in the 1820 to 1848 period, can be found on the Huddersfield Local History Society website. https://www.huddersfieldhistory.org.uk/publications/ '
    Notes from David Griffiths, Huddersfield Local History Society

  • 'Borough Police Station, Bull and Mouth Street...also known as The Lock-Up (1851 map)... corner of Bull and Mouth Street & Cross Queen Street... Built in 1831, it was eventually replaced in 1896 by a new police station on Princess Street.'
    Huddersfield Exposed, 'Borough Police Station, Bull and Mouth Street, Huddersfield'.

Sources

  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Northern District, Thirteenth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847-8, XXXVI.361), p.100
  • Huddersfield Exposed, 'Bull and Mouth Street, Huddersfield'.
    https://huddersfield.exposed/wiki/Bull_and_Mouth_Street,_Huddersfield
  • Huddersfield Exposed, 'Borough Police Station, Bull and Mouth Street, Huddersfield'.
    https://huddersfield.exposed/wiki/Borough_Police_Station,_Bull_and_Mouth_Street,_Huddersfield
  • Beerhouses, Brothels and Bobbies: policing by consent in Huddersfield and the Huddersfield district in the mid-nineteenth century. Huddersfield: University of Huddersfield Press, 2016.
    https://unipress.hud.ac.uk/plugins/books/15/