Steeple Ashton Lock-up




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Alternative Names   Steeple Ashton Guard House

Nation   England

County   Wiltshire

Location   village green, High Street  Steeple Ashton

Map location   exact or closely approximate

Year opened   unknown

Year closed   unknown

Century of Operation   1700-1799

Building Type   Lock-Up


'The monument includes a 17th century market cross and an 18th century lock up on the green at Steeple Ashton, a large village situated on a ridge of Coral Rag to the east of Trowbridge. Both the cross and the lock up are Listed Grade II. The cross comprises a large square plinth set on two steps surmounted by a column on which a block sundial and ball finial with an iron cross and crown are set. The entire structure is about 6m high. The lowest step is 1.78m square. The plinth is large, 0.87m square and 0.8m high, with fielded panels and pilasters. The column is tuscan in style, 0.57m in diameter and has the dates of repairs and restorations carved into the top. These include a supposed founding of the market in 1071, and the construction of the cross in 1679. The sundial is a block with four faces and wrought iron hands surmounted by a ball finial and a wrought iron cross and crown. The lock up is octagonal and built of ashlar limestone. It is 2.3m wide from face to face with walls 0.2m thick with a doorway to the north 1.47m high. The door has original strap hinges and a small square window with a hinged iron grille. The roof is domed, also of ashlar and surmounted by a ball finial, the entire structure being 3.6m high. Inside there is a wooden bench and small stone privy. The floor is flagstone and the walls are limewashed. The lock up was built in 1773 by William Rawlins at a cost of 19 pounds and 18 shillings.'

Historic England, National Heritage List for England, 'Lock up and market cross on the green', LEN 1019736

Featured Images

  • ExteriorPhoto © Brian Robert Marshall (cc-by-sa/2.0)


    Roy's Blog, 'WILTSHIRE. Lock-ups at Steeple Ashton, Trowbridge and Warminster.' (23 March 2013)

  • Historic England, National Heritage List for England, 'Lock up and market cross on the green', LEN 1019736



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