Steeple Ashton Lock-up

Overview

Images

Sources

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Overview

Alternative Names   Steeple Ashton Guard House

Nation   England

County   Wiltshire

Location   village green, High Street  Steeple Ashton

Map location   exact or closely approximate

Year opened   unknown

Year closed   unknown

Century of Operation   1700-1799

Building Type   Lock-Up

Descriptions

'The monument includes a 17th century market cross and an 18th century lock up on the green at Steeple Ashton, a large village situated on a ridge of Coral Rag to the east of Trowbridge. Both the cross and the lock up are Listed Grade II. The cross comprises a large square plinth set on two steps surmounted by a column on which a block sundial and ball finial with an iron cross and crown are set. The entire structure is about 6m high. The lowest step is 1.78m square. The plinth is large, 0.87m square and 0.8m high, with fielded panels and pilasters. The column is tuscan in style, 0.57m in diameter and has the dates of repairs and restorations carved into the top. These include a supposed founding of the market in 1071, and the construction of the cross in 1679. The sundial is a block with four faces and wrought iron hands surmounted by a ball finial and a wrought iron cross and crown. The lock up is octagonal and built of ashlar limestone. It is 2.3m wide from face to face with walls 0.2m thick with a doorway to the north 1.47m high. The door has original strap hinges and a small square window with a hinged iron grille. The roof is domed, also of ashlar and surmounted by a ball finial, the entire structure being 3.6m high. Inside there is a wooden bench and small stone privy. The floor is flagstone and the walls are limewashed. The lock up was built in 1773 by William Rawlins at a cost of 19 pounds and 18 shillings.'

Historic England, National Heritage List for England, 'Lock up and market cross on the green', LEN 1019736

'The strap-hinge at the top is shaped with a double right-angle to accommodate the iron grille, which is also hinged, and with a hasp for fastening to allow food to be passed inside.''

Leslie Brooke, Some West-Country Lock-Ups (Castle Cary, Fox Publications, 1985), pp. 20

Featured Images

  • ExteriorPhoto © Brian Robert Marshall (cc-by-sa/2.0)
  • Postcard, the lock-up and market cross, The Green, High Street, Steeple Ashton, Wiltshire, 1918Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre, MODES Database, P2817 (with kind permission)
  • Engraving, 'Cross at Steeple Ashton', Wiltshire', artist S Prout, printmaker J Storer, published 1809Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre, MODES Database, P13558 (with kind permission)

Description: Exterior

Photo by: Photo © Brian Robert Marshall (cc-by-sa/2.0)

Description: Postcard, the lock-up and market cross, The Green, High Street, Steeple Ashton, Wiltshire, 1918

Photo by: Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre, MODES Database, P2817 (with kind permission)

Description: Engraving, 'Cross at Steeple Ashton', Wiltshire', artist S Prout, printmaker J Storer, published 1809

Photo by: Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre, MODES Database, P13558 (with kind permission)

SOURCES

    Roy's Blog, 'WILTSHIRE. Lock-ups at Steeple Ashton, Trowbridge and Warminster.' (23 March 2013)

  • http://roys-roy.blogspot.com/2013/03/lock-ups-at-steeple-ashton-trowbridge.html
  • Historic England, National Heritage List for England, 'Lock up and market cross on the green', LEN 1019736

  • https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1019736
  • Leslie Brooke, Some West-Country Lock-Ups (Castle Cary, Fox Publications, 1985), pp. 20, 141 (sketch)

ARCHIVES

Archive name: Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre

Catalogue ref: P2817

Collection: MODES Database

Description: WSHC has a few black & white early photos of Steeple Ashton lockup. This one from MODES Database. Postcard, the lock-up and market cross, The Green, High Street, Steeple Ashton, Wiltshire

Dates: 1918


Archive name: Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre

Catalogue ref: WILT P18

Collection: MODES Database

Description: photograph, west end of High Street, showing the green, sundial, lock-up and the Rose and Crown, Steeple Ashton, Wiltshire

Dates: c.1960-1975


Archive name: Wiltshire & Swindon History Centre

Catalogue ref: P13558

Collection: MODES Database

Description: Engraving, 'Cross at Steeple Ashton', Wiltshire', artist S Prout, printmaker J Storer, published 1809

Dates: 1809


Comments

Is there something you’d like to tell us about this lock-up which doesn’t fit easily into the categories of information above? Perhaps you have a good story about someone who was confined in the lock up. Would you like to start a conversation about the lock-up with others who are also interested in either lock-ups or local history? Or would you like to tell us how you have used the data on this lock-up? Please leave a reply!

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2 Comments

  1. Stephen Smith c/o Naomi Sackett

    SWHC has a photo of Steeple Ashton Lock-up from 1960s, but copyright restricted.

    MODES database WILT P18

    photograph, west end of High Street, showing the green, sundial, lock-up and the Rose and Crown, Steeple Ashton, Wiltshire, c 1960-1975

    • Rosalind Crone

      Thanks so much Stephen. I have added these details to the record for the lock-up – under ‘Sources: Archives’. Historic photographs are so useful for showing changes of use and the place of the building in community life.

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