Great Bardfield Lock-Up

Overview

Images

Sources

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Overview

Alternative Names   Cage

Nation   England

County   Essex

Location   Bridge Street (B1057), adjacent to Cottage Museum,  Great Bardfield

Map location   exact or closely approximate

Year opened   c.1816

Year closed   c.1925

Century of Operation   1800-1899, 1900-1999

Building Type   Lock-Up

Remarks   Grade II listed. Free entry to public on selected days. Find out more and view our video tour of Great Bardfield Cage.

Description

'Lock-up. Early C19. Red brick in Flemish bond, with some blue headers, and flint rubble. Gables weatherboarded. Roofed with handmade red clay tiles. Rectangular plan. 2 cells. E elevation, one window with external wooden shutter, heavy oak door with iron studs picking out the date 1816, a small barred window, and long hasped hinges. Inside this is a second door pierced with 10 holes, not coinciding with the window of the outer door, and bolts. On the S side there is a simple wooden door to the other cell. Roof rebuilt. Built 1816 in the context of the Six Acts, reported to have been last used in 1925. Find out more and view our video tour of Great Bardfield Cage.'

Historic England, National Heritage List for England, 'The Great Bardfield Cage', LEN1123505

Featured Images

  • Great Bardfield cagePhoto © Bikeboy (cc-by-sa/2.0)
  • Outer door to first cell, showing grille at the top.© Rosalind Crone (2019)
  • Studs nailed into outer door which form the numbers - 1816 - presumably the year in which the lock-up was built.© Rosalind Crone (2019)
  • Opening times for visitors wishing to visit the cage - on a board attached to exterior wall of the lock-up© Rosalind Crone (2019)
  • Shuttered window, which provides an opening to the second cell.© Rosalind Crone (2019)
  • Second door, leading into the first cell. The holes - presumably breathing or ventilation holes - do not line up with the grille in the exterior door, suggesting that the authorities were trying to prevent those on the outside from passing food, drink and other items to those on the inside.© Rosalind Crone (2019)
  • Interior of the first cell. Substantially smaller than the second cell. Wooden bench is probably original, but cut-out on the left-hand wall is almost surely recent to allow visitors to see into the second cell. Information panels, compiled by the Great Bardfield Historical Society, tell the story of the lock-up and crime in the local area in times past.© Rosalind Crone (2019)
  • Interior of the second cell, viewed through the cut out. The entrance to the second cell can be seen in the left-hand corner. The corner of the window (seen on the exterior) is also visible on the far left. A mannequin has been placed in the cell to show what it would have looked like with a prisoner inside, together with a wooden bed and a chamber pot. © Rosalind Crone (2019)

Description: Great Bardfield cage

Photo by: Photo © Bikeboy (cc-by-sa/2.0)

Description: Outer door to first cell, showing grille at the top.

Photo by: © Rosalind Crone (2019)

Description: Studs nailed into outer door which form the numbers - 1816 - presumably the year in which the lock-up was built.

Photo by: © Rosalind Crone (2019)

Description: Opening times for visitors wishing to visit the cage - on a board attached to exterior wall of the lock-up

Photo by: © Rosalind Crone (2019)

Description: Shuttered window, which provides an opening to the second cell.

Photo by: © Rosalind Crone (2019)

Description: Second door, leading into the first cell. The holes - presumably breathing or ventilation holes - do not line up with the grille in the exterior door, suggesting that the authorities were trying to prevent those on the outside from passing food, drink and other items to those on the inside.

Photo by: © Rosalind Crone (2019)

Description: Interior of the first cell. Substantially smaller than the second cell. Wooden bench is probably original, but cut-out on the left-hand wall is almost surely recent to allow visitors to see into the second cell. Information panels, compiled by the Great Bardfield Historical Society, tell the story of the lock-up and crime in the local area in times past.

Photo by: © Rosalind Crone (2019)

Description: Interior of the second cell, viewed through the cut out. The entrance to the second cell can be seen in the left-hand corner. The corner of the window (seen on the exterior) is also visible on the far left. A mannequin has been placed in the cell to show what it would have looked like with a prisoner inside, together with a wooden bed and a chamber pot.

Photo by: © Rosalind Crone (2019)

SOURCES

    Roy's Blog, 'ESSEX. Lock-ups at Great Bardfield, Great Dunmow, Orsett and Rayne.' (26 June 2013)

  • http://roys-roy.blogspot.com/2013/06/lock-ups-at-great-bardfield-great.html
  • Historic England, National Heritage List for England, 'The Great Bardfield Cage', LEN1123505

  • https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1123505

Comments

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