Belford Lock-Up House

Overview

Images

Sources

Comments Print

Overview

Nation   England

County   Northumberland

Location   High Street (behind the Salmon Inn),  Belford

Map location   exact or closely approximate

Year opened   1824

Year closed   unknown

Century of Operation   1800-1899

Building Type   Lock-Up

Remarks   The location for this lock-up has been confirmed as behind the Salmon Inn on High Street. A tentative location in Nursery Lane, which was determined by the physical properties of the building, had been suggested before (see below comments). In 1823, adverts were placed seeking applications from builders to erect a lock-up. The lock-up was replaced in 1867 by a Court House with cells, erected opposite the lock-up on Lock-up Lane (see Aspects of Belford, 2008).

Descriptions

'There is a small lock up house at this town of ancient erection. It consists of a single room about 12 feet square, and stands apart from other buildings, It is strongly built and is tolerably secure. There is, however, no accommodation for a keeper, and no boundary wall round it. There are no means of warming it, and the window openings are not glazed, but the constable told me that in cold weather he filled them with straw. The place appears to be dry.'

Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Northumberland and Durham, Sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1841 Session 2, V.413), p.45

'The name book offers some additional information about the Lock-up: “A small stone building, erected A.D.1824, and used for the temporary confinement of prisoners. Proprietor, the Revd. Jn.D. Clark.”'

Ordnance Survey Name Books of 1860

Featured Images

  • Possible surviving external wall of the Lock Up. If not, then it was adjoining the latter. It is located directly opposite the Court House. Evidence of earlier openings, now blocked up, remains visible.© Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)
  • Court House, Belford. Photograph taken with High St to rear, looking down © Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)
  • Looking down Lock-Up Lane. Court House is visible on the right. Lock-up would have been situated on the left (before the white wall).© Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)
  • Taken from outside the perimeter wall of The Salmon. These walls look very old. Lock up would be to right. There is a small building on the position of Lock Up but inner walls are brick and only external wall is stone so it might have replaced Lock Up.© Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)
  • This is a separate building inside the perimeter wall of The Salmon. It looks very old and there is evidence of alterations to the stonework.© Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)
  • Possible external wall of the lock-up. You can just see the little brick building which may have replaced the lock up. This is directly opposite the Court House.© Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)

Description: Possible surviving external wall of the Lock Up. If not, then it was adjoining the latter. It is located directly opposite the Court House. Evidence of earlier openings, now blocked up, remains visible.

Photo by: © Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)

Description: Court House, Belford. Photograph taken with High St to rear, looking down "lock up lane". The Court House has been converted into flats. Lock up would have been on the right.

Photo by: © Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)

Description: Looking down Lock-Up Lane. Court House is visible on the right. Lock-up would have been situated on the left (before the white wall).

Photo by: © Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)

Description: Taken from outside the perimeter wall of The Salmon. These walls look very old. Lock up would be to right. There is a small building on the position of Lock Up but inner walls are brick and only external wall is stone so it might have replaced Lock Up.

Photo by: © Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)

Description: This is a separate building inside the perimeter wall of The Salmon. It looks very old and there is evidence of alterations to the stonework.

Photo by: © Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)

Description: Possible external wall of the lock-up. You can just see the little brick building which may have replaced the lock up. This is directly opposite the Court House.

Photo by: © Valerie Glass, 2021 (with kind permission)

SOURCES

    Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Northumberland and Durham, Sixth Report (Parl. Papers, 1841 Session 2, V.413), p.45
  • Inspectors of Prisons of Great Britain IV. Scotland, Northumberland and Durham, Twelfth Report (Parl. Papers, 1847, XXIX.381), p.131
  • Belford and District Local History Society, Aspects of Belford (Blackhall Publishers, 2008)

Comments

Is there something you’d like to tell us about this lock-up which doesn’t fit easily into the categories of information above? Perhaps you have a good story about someone who was confined in the lock up. Would you like to start a conversation about the lock-up with others who are also interested in either lock-ups or local history? Or would you like to tell us how you have used the data on this lock-up? Please leave a reply!

Alternatively, if you would like to correct or add to the data in the record, please follow this link. Or, click here if you like to find out more about contributing to this project.

4 Comments

  1. Kevin Futers

    Hello, I have been looking through the Ordnance Survey Name Books of 1860 as part of a larger project (The Northumberland Name Books Project). There is no lock-up on the 6″ Ornance Survey, and I have not seen the 25″ map from that time; it is not on the 1897 25″ map. The name book offers some additional information about the Lock-up:
    “A small stone building, erected A.D.1824, and used for the temporary confinement of prisoners. Proprietor, the Revd. Jn.D. Clark.”

    • Rosalind Crone

      Hi Kevin, This is great – really helpful information – thank you. I have added the Ordnance Survey Name Books as one of the sources for the lock-up. I wonder if the lock-up had been replaced by a police station by the 1860s.

  2. Kevin Futers

    (Further to my previous message)
    I think I may have located it, and if I am right it is still standing. The Grid reference is NU109337. It is on Nursery Lane in Belford opposite what I think might be a United Reformed church. There is a single door opening onto the street and no windows; it is single storied and is now surrounded by other buildings – garages and the like. If used it is probably a shed or similar storage. Taking dimensions from the 1895 25″ series map it was 12 feet along one wall and 15 feet along the other, so not quite square.

    • Rosalind Crone

      Nice detective work! I have put the tentative location and coordinates into the entry and noted the reasons. Entirely possible that this is it. Many surviving lock-ups look just like this. It’s position opposite a church may also explain the proprietor’s name in the Ordnance Survey Name Books!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *